Difference between revisions of "Main Page"

From AntitrustWorldWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Suggested Citation Format)
m
 
(124 intermediate revisions by 9 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
== Antitrust World Reports by Professor Keith N. Hylton ==
+
{|style="border-spacing:8px; margin:0px -8px;"
 +
|border:1px solid #cef2e0; background:#f5fffa; vertical-align:top; color:#000;"|
 +
{|width="100%" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="5" style="vertical-align:top; background:#f5fffa;"
 +
! <h1 style="margin:0; background:#cef2e0; font-size:120%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #a3bfb1; text-align:left; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">Antitrust World Reports - Professor Keith N. Hylton</h1>
 +
|-
 +
| AntitrustWorldWiki.com is a collaborative database covering antitrust laws around the world.  Its purpose is to provide information on the key provisions of antitrust laws in a manner that enables users of this wiki to compare antitrust enforcement regimes around the world.  We will expand the site to include new information and to enable users to post comments and observations.
 +
|}
 +
|}
  
Widely recognized in the areas of law and economics, '''Keith Hylton''' has published numerous articles in American law journals and peer-reviewed law and economics journals. His textbook, [http://www.amazon.com/Antitrust-Law-Economic-Theory-Evolution/dp/0521793785/ref=sr_1_1/002-8545403-9069605?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1185315361&sr=8-1 ''Antitrust Law: Economic Theory and Common Law Evolution''], was published by Cambridge University Press in 2003.
+
== Authors ==
 +
'''Keith N. Hylton''', a professor of law at Boston University, has published numerous articles in American law journals and peer-reviewed law and economics journals. His antitrust textbook, [http://www.amazon.com/Antitrust-Law-Economic-Theory-Evolution/dp/0521793785/ref=sr_1_1/002-8545403-9069605?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1185315361&sr=8-1 ''Antitrust Law: Economic Theory and Common Law Evolution''], was published by Cambridge University Press in 2003. [http://www.bu.edu/law/faculty/profiles/bios/full-time/hylton_k.html View full faculty profile.]
  
Professor Hylton joined the BU Law faculty in 1995 after teaching for six years and receiving tenure at Northwestern University School of Law. At BU Law, he teaches courses in antitrust, torts and labor law [http://www.bu.edu/law/faculty/profiles/bios/full-time/hylton_k.html (view full faculty profile)].
+
'''Research Assistants'''
 +
:*[[Sean Miller]]
 +
:*Nicola Leiter
 +
:*[[User:AchalOza|Achal Oza]]
 +
:*[[User:Kajrozga|Kaj Rozga]]
 +
:*[[User:JWSchneider|Jacob Schneider]]
 +
:*[[User:HCargill|Helen Hostetter]]
 +
:*[[User:LMyhre|Lynne Myhre]]
 +
:*Katerina Novak
 +
:*Marc Shapiro
 +
:*[[User:JLee|Jacqueline Lee]]
  
=== Research Assistants ===
+
In addition to their own research, some of the authors have relied on translations and additional research by Boston University graduate and law students, especially Dena Milligan and Andrea Tkacikova.
  
*Sean Miller
+
Special thanks to Matt Grayson for designing the site logo.
*Nicola Leiter
+
*[[User:AchalOza|Achal Oza]]
+
*[[User:Kajrozga|Kaj Rozga]]
+
*[[User:JWSchneider|Jacob Schneider]]
+
  
 
== Suggested Citation Format ==
 
== Suggested Citation Format ==
  
 
[Signal] Keith N. Hylton et al., [article/page/report name], Antitrust World Reports, ''available at'' [URL location] [(optional other parenthetical)] (as of [date], [time] GMT).
 
[Signal] Keith N. Hylton et al., [article/page/report name], Antitrust World Reports, ''available at'' [URL location] [(optional other parenthetical)] (as of [date], [time] GMT).
 
  
 
'''Examples'''
 
'''Examples'''
 +
* Keith N. Hylton et al., Antitrust World Reports, ''available at'' <nowiki>http://antitrustworldwiki.com</nowiki> (as of October 10, 2007, 05:30 PM GMT).
 
* Keith N. Hylton et al., <u>Country Report: Romania (December 10, 2003)</u>, Antitrust World Reports, ''available at'' <nowiki>http://antitrustworldwiki.com/antitrustwiki/index.php/Romania_%28December_10%2C_2003%29</nowiki> (noting Romania's ban on tying) (as of October 10, 2007, 05:30 PM GMT).
 
* Keith N. Hylton et al., <u>Country Report: Romania (December 10, 2003)</u>, Antitrust World Reports, ''available at'' <nowiki>http://antitrustworldwiki.com/antitrustwiki/index.php/Romania_%28December_10%2C_2003%29</nowiki> (noting Romania's ban on tying) (as of October 10, 2007, 05:30 PM GMT).
* ''See'' Keith N. Hylton et al., <u>Predatory Pricing Report</u>, Antitrust World Reports, ''available at'' <nowiki>http://antitrustworldwiki.com/antitrustwiki/index.php/Predatory_Pricing_Report</nowiki> (as of September 5, 2007, 12:30 AM GMT).
+
 
 +
== Notice on Accuracy of Data ==
 +
 
 +
'''AntitrustWorldWiki.com''' is a unique research tool. It is designed not for formal publication, but as a means to methodically draw-out factual information regarding the ever-changing body of international competition law. The authors assert only that the data on these pages is accurate to the best of their knowledge. The authors readily welcome and encourage any outside expertise on a particular jurisdiction's formal law or the extent of its enforcement.
 +
 
 +
== Research Support ==
 +
 
 +
The authors thank [http://www.bu.edu/law/ Boston University School of Law] and [http://www.microsoft.com Microsoft Corporation] for research support.
 +
 
 +
== Publications Based on this Database ==
 +
Keith N. Hylton and Fei Deng, Antitrust Around the World: An Empirical Analysis of the Scope of Competition Laws and Their Effects, 74 Antitrust L.J. 2 (2007).  This article is available at http://www.nera.com/extImage/PUB_AntitrustLawJournal.pdf.
  
 
== Databases Notes ==
 
== Databases Notes ==
* [[Author's Notes]]
+
* [[Authors' Notes]]
 
* [[Index Definitions]]
 
* [[Index Definitions]]
* [[Countries Requiring Further Research]]
+
* [[Notes on Scoring]]
* [[Country Assignments]]
+
* [[Countries Included in the Database|Listing of Included and Excluded Nations]]
+
* [[Notes on EU Nations and the EC Treaty]]
+
* [[Notes on how to calculate Scope Index scores for Nation Templates]]
+
  
 
== Special Reports ==
 
== Special Reports ==
Line 35: Line 55:
 
* [[Competition Enforcement Budgets]]
 
* [[Competition Enforcement Budgets]]
 
* [[Penalties Report]]
 
* [[Penalties Report]]
 +
* [[EU Competition Law Enforcement: The Pharma Sector Inquiry]]
 +
* [[American Legal Perspectives on China’s Landmark Anti-Monopoly Rulings]]
 +
* [[Industry Standard Setting and Antitrust]]
  
 
== Country Reports ==
 
== Country Reports ==
 
The following data represents a comprehensive survey of current antitrust regimes throughout the world.  The original texts of individual statutes in each country were examined for the presence of various elements.  Each included country receives an individual report here that indicates the presence or absence of these various elements in the country’s statutes.  The presence of an element is accompanied by a short explanation and/or citation to the applicable statute.  The elements themselves are defined [[Index Definitions|here]].  Some definitions are broad and could be divided into subcategories, in these cases, detailed comments are provided.  Each report also includes a numerical score for comparison across countries and regions, or for empirical analysis.
 
The following data represents a comprehensive survey of current antitrust regimes throughout the world.  The original texts of individual statutes in each country were examined for the presence of various elements.  Each included country receives an individual report here that indicates the presence or absence of these various elements in the country’s statutes.  The presence of an element is accompanied by a short explanation and/or citation to the applicable statute.  The elements themselves are defined [[Index Definitions|here]].  Some definitions are broad and could be divided into subcategories, in these cases, detailed comments are provided.  Each report also includes a numerical score for comparison across countries and regions, or for empirical analysis.
  
{| style="background:Cornflowerblue; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
+
 
 +
{| style="background:#99CCCC; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
| '''Europe: European Union'''
 
| '''Europe: European Union'''
Line 45: Line 69:
 
|  
 
|  
  
 +
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
 +
|- align="center"
 +
|[[European Commission]]
 +
|}
 +
 +
<h2 style="margin:0; background:#99CCCC; font-size:100%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #a3bfb1; text-align:center; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">Member Countries</h2>
 
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
 
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
 
| [[Austria]]
 
| [[Austria]]
 
| [[Belgium]]
 
| [[Belgium]]
 +
| [[Bulgaria]]
 
| [[Cyprus]]
 
| [[Cyprus]]
 
| [[Czech Republic]]
 
| [[Czech Republic]]
 
| [[Denmark]]
 
| [[Denmark]]
| [[Estonia]]
+
|
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
 +
| [[Estonia]]
 
| [[Finland]]
 
| [[Finland]]
 
| [[France]]
 
| [[France]]
 
| [[Germany]]
 
| [[Germany]]
 
| [[Greece]]
 
| [[Greece]]
| [[Greenland]]
 
 
| [[Hungary]]
 
| [[Hungary]]
 +
|
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
Line 69: Line 101:
 
| [[Luxembourg]]
 
| [[Luxembourg]]
 
| [[Malta]]
 
| [[Malta]]
 +
|
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
Line 74: Line 107:
 
| [[Poland]]
 
| [[Poland]]
 
| [[Portugal]]
 
| [[Portugal]]
 +
| [[Romania]]
 
| [[Slovak Republic]]
 
| [[Slovak Republic]]
 
| [[Slovenia]]
 
| [[Slovenia]]
| [[Spain]]
+
|
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
 +
| [[Spain]]
 
| [[Sweden]]
 
| [[Sweden]]
 
| [[United Kingdom]]
 
| [[United Kingdom]]
Line 85: Line 120:
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
 +
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 90: Line 126:
  
  
{| style="background:Cornflowerblue; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
+
{| style="background:#99CC99; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
| '''Europe: Non-European Union'''
 
| '''Europe: Non-European Union'''
Line 103: Line 139:
 
| [[Belarus]]
 
| [[Belarus]]
 
| [[Bosnia-Herzegovina]]
 
| [[Bosnia-Herzegovina]]
| [[Bulgaria]]
 
 
| [[Croatia]]
 
| [[Croatia]]
 +
| [[Faroe Island]]
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[Faroe Island]]
 
 
| [[Georgia]]
 
| [[Georgia]]
 +
| [[Greenland]]
 
| [[Iceland]]
 
| [[Iceland]]
 
| [[Jersey, Channel Islands]]
 
| [[Jersey, Channel Islands]]
Line 115: Line 151:
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
 +
 
| [[Norway]]
 
| [[Norway]]
| [[Romania]]
 
 
| [[Russia]]
 
| [[Russia]]
| [[Serbia-Montenegro]]
+
| [[Serbia]]
 
| [[Switzerland]]
 
| [[Switzerland]]
 
| [[Turkey]]
 
| [[Turkey]]
 
|- align="center"
 
 
| [[Ukraine]]
 
| [[Ukraine]]
| [[Yugoslavia/Serbia]]
+
 
|  
+
|
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{| style="background:#99CCCC; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 +
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 +
| '''Asia'''
 +
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 +
 +
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| [[Azerbaijan]]
 +
| [[Bangladesh]]
 +
| [[Brunei Darussalam]]
 +
| [[China]]
 +
| [[Hong Kong]]
 +
| [[India]]
 +
| [[Indonesia]]
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| [[Japan]]
 +
| [[Kazakhstan]]
 +
| [[Kyrgyzstan]]
 +
| [[Lao PDR]]
 +
| [[Mongolia]]
 +
| [[Pakistan]]
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| [[Singapore]]
 +
| [[South Korea]]
 +
| [[Sri Lanka]]
 +
| [[Taiwan]]
 +
| [[Tajikistan]]
 +
| [[Thailand]]
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
 +
| [[Uzbekistan]]
 +
| [[Vietnam]]
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 135: Line 213:
  
  
{| style="background:Turquoise; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
+
{| style="background:#99CC99; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
| '''Africa'''
+
| '''Central and Southern Africa'''
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
Line 145: Line 223:
 
| [[Angola]]
 
| [[Angola]]
 
| [[Benin]]
 
| [[Benin]]
 +
| [[Botswana]]
 
| [[Burkina Faso]]
 
| [[Burkina Faso]]
 
| [[Cameroon]]
 
| [[Cameroon]]
Line 171: Line 250:
  
  
{| style="background:Turquoise; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
+
{| style="background:#99CCCC; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
| '''Middle East and Northern Africa'''
 
| '''Middle East and Northern Africa'''
Line 181: Line 260:
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
 
| [[Algeria]]
 
| [[Algeria]]
 +
| [[Afghanistan]]
 +
| [[Bahrain]]
 
| [[Egypt]]
 
| [[Egypt]]
 
| [[Iran]]
 
| [[Iran]]
 
| [[Israel]]
 
| [[Israel]]
| [[Jordan]]
 
| [[Morocco]]
 
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
 +
| [[Jordan]]
 +
| [[Morocco]]
 
| [[Qatar]]
 
| [[Qatar]]
 
| [[Saudi Arabia]]
 
| [[Saudi Arabia]]
 
| [[Syria]]
 
| [[Syria]]
 
| [[Tunisia]]
 
| [[Tunisia]]
|
+
| [[United Arab Emirates]]
 
|
 
|
  
|}
 
 
|}
 
 
 
{| style="background:Orange; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
| '''South America'''
 
|-
 
|
 
 
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
 
|- align="center"
 
| [[Argentina]]
 
| [[Bolivia]]
 
| [[Brazil]]
 
| [[Chile]]
 
| [[Colombia]]
 
| [[Ecuador]]
 
| [[Guyana]]
 
 
|- align="center"
 
| [[Paraguay]]
 
| [[Peru]]
 
| [[Uruguay]]
 
| [[Venezuela]]
 
|
 
|
 
  
 
|}
 
|}
Line 229: Line 282:
  
  
{| style="background:Orange; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
+
{| style="background:#99CC99; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
| '''Central America'''
+
| '''Oceania'''
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
  
 
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
 
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
|- align="center"
 
| [[Costa Rica]]
 
| [[El Salvador]]
 
| [[Guatemala]]
 
| [[Honduras]]
 
| [[Mexico]]
 
| [[Nicaragua]]
 
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[Panama]]
+
| [[Australia]]
 +
| [[Fiji]]
 +
| [[New Zealand]]
 +
| [[Papua New Guinea]]
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
|
 
|
 
|
 
  
 
|}
 
|}
Line 257: Line 303:
  
  
{| style="background:#FFFF66; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
+
{| style="background:#99CCCC; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
| '''North America'''
 
| '''North America'''
Line 277: Line 323:
  
  
{| style="background:#FFFF66; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
+
{| style="background:#99CC99; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
| '''Caribbean'''
 
| '''Caribbean'''
Line 286: Line 332:
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
 
| [[Barbados]]
 
| [[Barbados]]
| [[Dominican Republic]]
 
 
| [[Jamaica]]
 
| [[Jamaica]]
 
| [[Trinidad and Tobago]]
 
| [[Trinidad and Tobago]]
Line 297: Line 342:
  
  
{| style="background:#33CC00; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
+
{| style="background:#99CCCC; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
| '''Asia'''
+
| '''Central America'''
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
Line 305: Line 350:
 
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
 
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[Azerbaijan]]
+
| [[Costa Rica]]
| [[Bangladesh]]
+
| [[El Salvador]]
| [[Cambodia]]
+
| [[Guatemala]]
| [[China]]
+
| [[Honduras]]
| [[Hong Kong]]
+
| [[Mexico]]
| [[India]]
+
| [[Nicaragua]]
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[Indonesia]]
+
| [[Panama]]
| [[Japan]]
+
| [[Kazakhstan]]
+
| [[South Korea|Korea]]
+
| [[Kyrgyzstan]]
+
| [[Lao PDR]]
+
 
+
|- align="center"
+
| [[Mongolia]]
+
| [[Pakistan]]
+
| [[Philippines]]
+
| [[Singapore]]
+
| [[Sri Lanka]]
+
| [[Taiwan]]
+
 
+
|- align="center"
+
| [[Tajikistan]]
+
| [[Thailand]]
+
| [[Uzbekistan]]
+
| [[Vietnam]]
+
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
  
 
|}
 
|}
Line 341: Line 370:
  
  
{| style="background:Red; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
+
{| style="background:#99CC99; color=white" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" align="center" width="100%"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
 
|- style="color=white" align="center"
| '''Oceania'''
+
| '''South America'''
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
Line 349: Line 378:
 
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
 
{| style="background:white" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" align="left" width="100%"
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[Australia]]
+
| [[Argentina]]
| [[Fiji]]
+
| [[Bolivia]]
| [[New Zealand]]
+
| [[Brazil]]
| [[Papua New Guinea]]
+
| [[Chile]]
 +
| [[Colombia]]
 +
| [[Guyana]]
 +
 
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| [[Peru]]
 +
| [[Uruguay]]
 +
| [[Venezuela]]
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Line 359: Line 395:
  
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
  
  
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__

Latest revision as of 01:08, 24 November 2014

Antitrust World Reports - Professor Keith N. Hylton

AntitrustWorldWiki.com is a collaborative database covering antitrust laws around the world. Its purpose is to provide information on the key provisions of antitrust laws in a manner that enables users of this wiki to compare antitrust enforcement regimes around the world. We will expand the site to include new information and to enable users to post comments and observations.

Authors

Keith N. Hylton, a professor of law at Boston University, has published numerous articles in American law journals and peer-reviewed law and economics journals. His antitrust textbook, Antitrust Law: Economic Theory and Common Law Evolution, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2003. View full faculty profile.

Research Assistants

In addition to their own research, some of the authors have relied on translations and additional research by Boston University graduate and law students, especially Dena Milligan and Andrea Tkacikova.

Special thanks to Matt Grayson for designing the site logo.

Suggested Citation Format

[Signal] Keith N. Hylton et al., [article/page/report name], Antitrust World Reports, available at [URL location] [(optional other parenthetical)] (as of [date], [time] GMT).

Examples

  • Keith N. Hylton et al., Antitrust World Reports, available at http://antitrustworldwiki.com (as of October 10, 2007, 05:30 PM GMT).
  • Keith N. Hylton et al., Country Report: Romania (December 10, 2003), Antitrust World Reports, available at http://antitrustworldwiki.com/antitrustwiki/index.php/Romania_%28December_10%2C_2003%29 (noting Romania's ban on tying) (as of October 10, 2007, 05:30 PM GMT).

Notice on Accuracy of Data

AntitrustWorldWiki.com is a unique research tool. It is designed not for formal publication, but as a means to methodically draw-out factual information regarding the ever-changing body of international competition law. The authors assert only that the data on these pages is accurate to the best of their knowledge. The authors readily welcome and encourage any outside expertise on a particular jurisdiction's formal law or the extent of its enforcement.

Research Support

The authors thank Boston University School of Law and Microsoft Corporation for research support.

Publications Based on this Database

Databases Notes

Special Reports

Country Reports

The following data represents a comprehensive survey of current antitrust regimes throughout the world. The original texts of individual statutes in each country were examined for the presence of various elements. Each included country receives an individual report here that indicates the presence or absence of these various elements in the country’s statutes. The presence of an element is accompanied by a short explanation and/or citation to the applicable statute. The elements themselves are defined here. Some definitions are broad and could be divided into subcategories, in these cases, detailed comments are provided. Each report also includes a numerical score for comparison across countries and regions, or for empirical analysis.


Europe: European Union
European Commission

Member Countries

Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary
Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta
Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia
Spain Sweden United Kingdom


Europe: Non-European Union
Albania Armenia Belarus Bosnia-Herzegovina Croatia Faroe Island
Georgia Greenland Iceland Jersey, Channel Islands Macedonia Moldova
Norway Russia Serbia Switzerland Turkey Ukraine


Asia
Azerbaijan Bangladesh Brunei Darussalam China Hong Kong India Indonesia
Japan Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao PDR Mongolia Pakistan
Singapore South Korea Sri Lanka Taiwan Tajikistan Thailand
Uzbekistan Vietnam


Central and Southern Africa
Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Cameroon Cote d'Ivoire Kenya
Malawi Mali Mauritius Namibia Nigeria Senegal
South Africa Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe


Middle East and Northern Africa
Algeria Afghanistan Bahrain Egypt Iran Israel
Jordan Morocco Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria Tunisia United Arab Emirates



Oceania
Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua New Guinea


North America
Canada United States


Caribbean
Barbados Jamaica Trinidad and Tobago


Central America
Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua
Panama


South America
Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Guyana
Peru Uruguay Venezuela