Difference between revisions of "European Commission"

From AntitrustWorldWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
 
(5 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''Score = 27 '''
+
<h1 style="margin:0; font-size:155%;text-align:left; color:#666; padding:0.2em 0.2em;">Treaty</h1>
  
''Governed by: ''EU law: Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty Establishing the European Communities (Rome Treaty), Regulation 1/2003 of 16 December 2002 <ref> Available at http://ec.europa.eu/comm/competition/antitrust/legislation/legislation.html</ref> Mergers are governed by Council Regulation 139/2004 on the control of concentrations between undertaking (the EC Merger Regulation) of 20 January 2004.<ref>Available at http://ec.europa.eu/comm/competition/mergers/legislation/regulations.html#merger_reg</ref> 
+
:* [[EU Law, 2009]]
 +
:* [[EU Law, 2005]]
  
{| class="wikitable"
+
<h2 style="margin:0; font-size:140%;text-align:left; color:#666; padding:0.2em 0.2em;">References</h2>
|-
+
! Category !! Subcategory !! Score !! Comment
+
 
+
|- class="categorydivision"
+
| Scope
+
| Extraterritoriality
+
| 1
+
| EU law (the Rome Treaty) governs whenever conduct has effects on trade between Member States pursuant to Article 3 of Regulation 1/2003.
+
 
+
|- class="categorydivision"
+
| Remedies
+
| Fines
+
| 1
+
| Council Regulation 1/2003 (Chapter VI, Articles 23 and 24)
+
 
+
|-
+
|
+
| Prison Sentences
+
| 0
+
|
+
 
+
|-
+
|
+
| Divestitures
+
| 1
+
| Article 8(4) of Regulation 139/2004 (EC Merger Regulation).
+
 
+
|- class="categorydivision"
+
| Private Enforcement
+
| 3rd Party Initiation
+
| 1
+
| Council Regulation 1/2003 (Chapter III, Article 7(2))
+
 
+
|-
+
|
+
| Remedies Available to 3rd Parties
+
| 1
+
| Private citizens have a right to bring a civil action in a national court with adequate competence.<ref>Green Paper: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2005:0672:FIN:EN:PDF</ref>
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| 3rd Party Rights in Proceedings
+
| 1
+
| Council Regulation 1/2003 (Chapter VIII, Article 3)) - 3rd parties may be heard by the Comission in proceedings; interested 3rd parties have the right to be heard in merger assessment proceedings (preamble to EC Merger Control Regulation 139/2004, para. 38)
+
 
+
|- class="categorydivision"
+
| Merger Notification
+
| Voluntary
+
| 0
+
|
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Mandatory
+
| 3
+
| Article 4(1), Articles 6 and 7 of EC Merger Regulation 139/2004.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Pre-merger
+
| 2
+
| Article 4(1), Articles 6 and 7 of EC Merger Regulation 139/2004.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Post-merger
+
| 0
+
|
+
+
|- class="categorydivision"
+
| Merger Assessment
+
| Dominance
+
| 1
+
| EC Merger Control Regulation 139/2004, Article 2(1)(b), 2(2) and 2(3)
+
|-
+
|
+
| Restriction of Competition
+
| 1
+
| EC Merger Control Regulation 139/2004, Article 2(1), 2(2) and 2(3)
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Public Interest (Pro D)
+
| 1
+
| EC Merger Control Regulation 139/2004, Article 2(1)(b)
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Public Interest (Pro Authority)
+
| 1
+
| EC Merger Control Regulation 139/2004, Article 2(1)(b)
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Other
+
| 0
+
|
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Efficiency
+
| 1
+
| Preamble to EC Merger Control Regulation 139/2004  on page 4 (para. 29).
+
 
+
|- class="categorydivision"
+
| Dominance
+
| Limits Access
+
| 1
+
| Article 82(b) of the Rome Treaty prohibits limiting access.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Abusive Acts
+
| 1
+
| Article 82 of the Rome Treaty prohibits abuse of dominant position.
+
 
+
|-
+
|
+
| Price Setting
+
| 1
+
| Article 82(a) of the Rome Treaty prohibits price setting.
+
 
+
|-
+
|
+
| Discriminatory Pricing
+
| 1
+
| Article 82(c) of the Rome Treaty prohibits discriminatory conditions.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Resale Price Maintenance
+
| 1
+
| Article 82(a) of the Rome Treaty prohibits resale price maintenance.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Obstacles to Entry
+
| 1
+
| Article 82 of the Rome Treaty prohibits anti-competitive pricing schemes.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Efficiency Defense
+
| 0
+
|
+
+
|- class="categorydivision"
+
| Restrictive Trade Practices
+
| Price Fixing
+
| 1
+
| Article 81(1)(a) of the Rome Treaty prohibits price fixing.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Tying
+
| 1
+
| Article 81(1)(e) of the Rome Treaty prohibits tying.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Market Division
+
| 1
+
| Article 81 of the Rome Treaty prohibits customer allocation clauses.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Output Restraint
+
| 1
+
| Article 81(1)(b) of the Rome Treaty prohibits limiting production.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Market Sharing
+
| 1
+
| Article 81(1)(c) of the Rome Treaty prohibits market sharing.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Eliminating Competitors
+
| 1
+
| Article 81(1) of the Rome Treaty prohibits agreements that have the purpose or effect of eliminating competition.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Collusive Tendering/Bid-Rigging
+
| 1
+
| Article 81 of the Rome Treaty prohibits bid-rigging.<ref>http://www.eujapan.com/europe/seminar_tokyo_mehta1_april08.pdf</ref>
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Supply Refusal
+
| 1
+
| Article 81(1)(b) of the Rome Treaty prohibits supply refusal.
+
+
|-
+
|
+
| Efficiency Defense
+
| 1
+
| Article 81(3) of the Rome Treaty allows an efficiency defense.
+
+
|}
+
 
+
== References ==
+
 
<references />
 
<references />

Latest revision as of 17:20, 17 November 2010

Treaty

References