Tunisia (May 10, 1999)

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Score = 14

Governed by: Loi n° 91-64 du 29 julliet 1991 relative a la concurrence et aux prix, telle que modifiee et complete par la loi n° 93-83 du 26 julliet 1993 la loi n° 95-42 du 24 avril 1995 et la loi n° 99/41 du 10 mai 1999 (hereinafter referred to as “Competition Act”). [1]

Category Subcategory Score Comment
Scope Extraterritoriality 0
Remedies Fines 1 Article 34 allows the Commission to apply fines for certain violations.
Prison Sentences 1 Article 36 allows imprisonment for certain violations.
Divestitures 0
Private Enforcement 3rd Party Initiation 0
Remedies Available to 3rd Parties 0
3rd Party Rights in Proceedings 0
Merger Notification Voluntary 0
Mandatory 3 Article 8 requires notification of a merger.
Pre-merger 0
Post-merger 1 Article 8 requires notification to occur within 15 days of the conclusion of the agreement to merge.
Merger Assessment Dominance 1 Article 7 says that mergers that would have the result of creating a dominant position need to be explored by the Minister.
Restriction of Competition 0
Public Interest (Pro D) 0
Public Interest (Pro Authority) 0
Other 0
Efficiency 1 Article 9a says that a merger that contributes to technical or economic progress can be allowed in certain cases.
Dominance Limits Access 1 Article 5 prohibits a dominant firm from refusing to sell.
Abusive Acts 1 Article 5 prohibits some abusive acts by dominant undertakings.
Price Setting 0
Discriminatory Pricing 1 Article 5 prohibits discriminatory pricing by dominant undertakings.
Resale Price Maintenance 1 Article 5 prohibits resale price maintenance by dominant undertakings.
Obstacles to Entry 0
Efficiency Defense 1 Article 6 gives a defense to the Article 5 prohibitions for agreements that are good for economic and technological progress.
Restrictive Trade Practices Price Fixing 1 Article 5(1) prohibits price fixing.
Tying 0
Market Division 1 Article 5(4) prohibits partitioning the market.
Output Restraint 1 Article 5(3) prohibits output restraint.
Market Sharing 0
Eliminating Competitors 1 Article 5(2) prohibits limiting access to the market by competitors.
Collusive Tendering/Bid-Rigging 0
Supply Refusal 0
Efficiency Defense 1 Article 6 gives a defense to the Article 5 prohibitions for agreements that are good for economic and technological progress.

References

  1. Global Competition Forum website, http://www.globalcompetitionforum.org/regions/africa/Tunisia/Loi%2091-64.pdf (own translation).