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Antitrust World Reports - Professor Keith N. Hylton is a collaborative database covering antitrust laws around the world. Its purpose is to provide information on the key provisions of antitrust laws in a manner that enables users of this wiki to compare antitrust enforcement regimes around the world. We will expand the site to include new information and to enable users to post comments and observations.


Keith N. Hylton, a professor of law at Boston University, has published numerous articles in American law journals and peer-reviewed law and economics journals. His antitrust textbook, Antitrust Law: Economic Theory and Common Law Evolution, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2003. View full faculty profile.

Research Assistants

In addition to their own research, some of the authors have relied on translations and additional research by Boston University graduate and law students, especially Dena Milligan and Andrea Tkacikova.

Special thanks to Matt Grayson for designing the site logo.

Suggested Citation Format

[Signal] Keith N. Hylton et al., [article/page/report name], Antitrust World Reports, available at [URL location] [(optional other parenthetical)] (as of [date], [time] GMT).


  • Keith N. Hylton et al., Antitrust World Reports, available at (as of October 10, 2007, 05:30 PM GMT).
  • Keith N. Hylton et al., Country Report: Romania (December 10, 2003), Antitrust World Reports, available at (noting Romania's ban on tying) (as of October 10, 2007, 05:30 PM GMT).

Notice on Accuracy of Data is a unique research tool. It is designed not for formal publication, but as a means to methodically draw-out factual information regarding the ever-changing body of international competition law. The authors assert only that the data on these pages is accurate to the best of their knowledge. The authors readily welcome and encourage any outside expertise on a particular jurisdiction's formal law or the extent of its enforcement.

Research Support

The authors thank Boston University School of Law and Microsoft Corporation for research support.

Publications Based on this Database

Databases Notes

Special Reports

Country Reports

The following data represents a comprehensive survey of current antitrust regimes throughout the world. The original texts of individual statutes in each country were examined for the presence of various elements. Each included country receives an individual report here that indicates the presence or absence of these various elements in the country’s statutes. The presence of an element is accompanied by a short explanation and/or citation to the applicable statute. The elements themselves are defined here. Some definitions are broad and could be divided into subcategories, in these cases, detailed comments are provided. Each report also includes a numerical score for comparison across countries and regions, or for empirical analysis.

Europe: European Union
European Commission

Member Countries

Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary
Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta
Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Slovenia
Spain Sweden United Kingdom

Europe: Non-European Union
Albania Armenia Belarus Bosnia-Herzegovina Croatia Faroe Island
Georgia Greenland Iceland Jersey, Channel Islands Macedonia Moldova
Norway Russia Serbia Switzerland Turkey Ukraine

Azerbaijan Bangladesh Brunei Darussalam China Hong Kong India Indonesia
Japan Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao PDR Mongolia Pakistan
Singapore South Korea Sri Lanka Taiwan Tajikistan Thailand
Uzbekistan Vietnam

Central and Southern Africa
Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Cameroon Cote d'Ivoire Kenya
Malawi Mali Mauritius Namibia Nigeria Senegal
South Africa Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe

Middle East and Northern Africa
Algeria Afghanistan Bahrain Egypt Iran Israel
Jordan Morocco Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria Tunisia United Arab Emirates

Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua New Guinea

North America
Canada United States

Barbados Jamaica Trinidad and Tobago

Central America
Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua

South America
Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Guyana
Peru Uruguay Venezuela