Argentina (1980)

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Score = 10

Governed by: Ley de Defensa de la Competencia, Ley 22.262 enacted August, 1980 (hereinafter referred to as “Competition Act”).[1][2]

Category Subcategory Score Comment
Scope Extraterritoriality 0
Remedies Fines 1 The National Commission for the Defense of Competition had the authority to impose fines.[3]
Prison Sentences 1 The proposed amendment to Ley 22.262 (which became the current competition act, Ley de Defensa de la Competencia No. 22.156 in 1999) abolished prison penalties.[4]
Divestitures 0
Private Enforcement 3rd Party Initiation 0
Remedies Available to 3rd Parties 0
3rd Party Rights in Proceedings 0
Merger Notification Voluntary 1 The current competition act, Ley de Defensa de la Competencia No. 22.156 (enacted in 1999) created "the basis for an important and previously non-existing active regulatory control over potentially anti-competitive concentration events in Argentina."[5]
Mandatory 0
Pre-merger 0
Post-merger 1
Merger Assessment Dominance 0
Restriction of Competition 0
Public Interest (Pro D) 0
Public Interest (Pro Authority) 0
Other 0
Efficiency 0
Dominance Limits Access 0
Abusive Acts 1 The Competition Act prohibits abuse of dominant position.[6]
Price Setting 0
Discriminatory Pricing 1 The Competition Act prohibits price discrimination.[7]
Resale Price Maintenance 0
Obstacles to Entry 1 The Competition Act prohibits barriers to market entry.[8]
Efficiency Defense 0
Restrictive Trade Practices Price Fixing 1 Article 41(a) prohibits price fixing.[9]
Tying 1 Article 41(d) of the Competition Act prohibits tying.[10]
Market Division 1 Article 41(e) of the Competition Act prohibits market division.[11]


Output Restraint 0
Market Sharing 0
Eliminating Competitors 0
Collusive Tendering/Bid-Rigging 0
Supply Refusal 1 Article 41(g) of the Competition Act prohibits arbitrary refusal to meet specific requests for the purchase or sale of goods or services.[12]
Efficiency Defense 0

References

  1. Portion of actual text in Spanish available at http://ec.europa.eu/comm/competition/publications/blc/boletin_2_es.pdf at page 9. Secondary source analysis in English available from 1997 and 1998 OECD reports, available at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/4/22/1823893.pdf and http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/2/40/1821895.pdf.
  2. This law was not actively enforced until the 1990's (1997 OECD report at page 2)
  3. 1997 OECD report at page 2
  4. 1997 OECD report at page 6
  5. http://www.iflr.com/?ISS=11977&PUBID=33&Page=10&SID=508950&SM=&SearchStr=; 1998 OECD report at page 19
  6. 1998 OECD at page 2
  7. 1998 OECD report at page 2
  8. 1998 OECD report at page 2
  9. http://ec.europa.eu/comm/competition/publications/blc/boletin_2_es.pdf; 1997 OECD report at page 4
  10. http://ec.europa.eu/comm/competition/publications/blc/boletin_2_es.pdf
  11. http://ec.europa.eu/comm/competition/publications/blc/boletin_2_es.pdf; 1998 OECD report at page 2
  12. http://ec.europa.eu/comm/competition/publications/blc/boletin_2_es.pdf